Left to their own devices, Hobbes famously wrote, people will create miserable lives for themselves and others the because they are naturally selfish, greedy, and shortsighted; their lives will be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” To solve this problem, Hobbes continued, people give their power to an absolute authority, the “Leviathan,” who keeps order and makes peaceful living possible. Though Hobbes quoted the Bible frequently – his title comes from the biblical book of Job – he had no use in his politics for theology. Thus, his philosophy is symbolic of the increasing secularization of Europe, which had begun around the early 1500s.Translation:
Of fundamental importance – in England and later in the English colonies that would become the United States – was Locke’s idea that a ruler could rule only so long as he or she kept the people’s trust. The ruler did this by respecting the inherent rights human beings possess to life, liberty, and property. And if a ruler trampled on those rights, Locke argued, the people had a responsibility to replace that ruler.I don’t think this one needs a translation. The man whose political ideas inspired our Founding Fathers believed in the right to life [abortion bitches], liberty [somewhat open ended, but common sense can make decent boundaries here], and property [property is anything you own…more tax cuts please].